See James Ross, History of Congregational Independency in Scotland (Glasgow, 1900).
Thenceforth 4 The opposite of this external Independency, admission of civil oversight even for churches enjoying internal ecclesiastical selfgovernment, was also common, being the outcome of the traditional Puritan attitude to the state.
The remarkable junction or fusion of the Independents or " Separatists " who emigrated from Leiden to Plymouth, Massachusetts, with the Puritan Nonconformists of Massachusetts Bay, modified Independency by the introduction of positive fraternal relations among the churches.
The war being now over, the great question of the establishment of Presbyterianism or Independency had to be decided.
Cromwell, without naming himself an adherent of any denomination, fought vigorously for Independency as a policy.