This process, called hemolysis, is accompanied by the release of excess amounts of bilirubin.
If the organism is a group A hemolytic streptococcus, an area immediately around the bacterial colony will show hemolysis (the breaking up or lysing of red blood cells), leaving a clear zone surrounding the colony.
It can also lead to HELLP syndrome, with hemolysis (destruction) of red blood cells, elevated liver enzymes signaling liver damage, and low platelet count (leading to bleeding problems).
HELLP Syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and lowered blood platelets) may often present itself before symptoms of preeclampsia are noticed.
These antibodies can circulate in her Rh-positive newborn, initiating hemolysis and causing severe abnormal jaundice.