Greek culture had been the product of the city-state, and Hellenism could not be dissevered from the city.
To a Greek it suggested the assembly of freeborn citizens in a city state.
The year before his birth, France had bought Corsica from the Italian city-state of Genoa.
The only difference from the territorial nation state is that the city state protected trade routes rather than conquered large tracts of territory.
Instead of the comparatively simple expedients of the barbarian monarchies, as indicated above, the Athenian city state by degrees developed a rather complex revenue system.