The usurpation of power on the part of the richer members was not always effected without opposition.
The central government has gained strength at the expense of the states, seldom by direct usurpation (except during the Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-76), but indirectly through use and custom, as the country and people developed and new conditions of government arose.
The lessee must give notice to the lessor of any acts of usurpation committed on the property (Art.
We have no means of explaining this statement, nor can we fully understand all the incidents connected with his usurpation; but the attempts of modern authors to prove that Gaumata in reality was the genuine Smerdis and Darius a usurper have failed.
He left Egypt so pe,si~ completely crushed that the subsequent usurpation period, of the Persian throne was marked by no revolt in that quarter.