In accordance with his former action on all questions of religious toleration he opposed the shameful Five Mile Act of 1665.
The new administration was headed by Buckingham, in whose toleration and comprehension principles Ashley shared to the full.
He was on the side of toleration and protected the reformers.
He had already begun his work of toleration, for he had recently produced a drama (Die Juden, 1749), the motive of which was to prove that a Jew can be possessed of nobility of character.
It was stipulated that there was to be toleration for both Catholics and Protestants; that the Spanish king should be recognized as de jure sovereign, and the prince of Orange as governor with full powers in Holland and Zeeland.