The earliest instance of an ecclesiastical precept on the subject occurs in can.
It is nothing else than the preaching and precept of Christ.
To the ordinary good citizen of antiquity, whose religion was the consecration of family ties, such a precept was no less scandalous than it is to a Chinaman or Hindu of to-day.
He might not lie nor take an oath, for the precept "Swear not at all" was, like the rest of the gospel, taken seriously.
But the statement "I am the Lord thy God" is either no precept at all, or only enjoins by implication what is expressly commanded in the 1 A Hebrew fragment probably of the 2nd century A.D., in the University Library, Cambridge, containing the Decalogue with several variant readings; see S.