They were originally of the nature of mortgage bonds on the national lands.
A married man may not sell or mortgage a homestead without his wife's consent.
In the same year the general distress was intensified by the failure of the Rural and Mortgage Bank of Brazil.
But this resulted in so heavy a: burden upon the public that the law had again to be altered to extend hereditary rights, and to admit a system of mortgage which was assimilated to that for emiriye; but the evils were little more than palliated.
The title to land is registered, in all cases; and so, with a few exceptions, is every servitude or easement, mortgage or charge, upon land.