The interspace is filled with a very small quantity of nickel and silver filings, about 95 per cent.
The upward thrust is the same, however thin the metal may be in the interspace between the outer mould and the core inside; and this was formerly considered paradoxical.
Over a concentric cylinder, external or internal, of radius r=b, 4,'=4,+ Uly =[U I - + Ui]y, (4) and 4" is zero if U 1 /U = (a 2 - b2)/b 2; (5) so that the cylinder may swim for an instant in the liquid without distortion, with this velocity Ui; and w in (I) will give the liquid motion in the interspace between the fixed cylinder r =a and the concentric cylinder r=b, moving with velocity U1.
B2' and this, by § 36, is also the ratio of the kinetic energy in the annular 4,1 interspace between the two cylinders to the kinetic energy of the liquid moving bodily inside r = b.
Bdo 7rpb 2 (u, b 2 a2 Uibb +¢z), and the difference X-X 1 is the component momentum of the liquid in the interspace; with similar expressions for Y and Y1.