Above the sea on the southern declivity of the Untersberg, 6 m.
The old town is picturesquely situated on a lofty declivity, which includes the most easterly point of land in England.
Below the north-east declivity of this range lies Georgia, on the other side of which province rises the Caucasus, the boundary of Asia and Europe between the Caspian and Black Seas, the highest points of which reach an elevation of nearly 19,000 ft.
Above sea-level on the right bank of the Ve]ino (a torrent subtributary to the Tiber), which at this point issues from the limestone plateau; the old town occupies the declivity and the new town spreads out on the level.
The gentle declivity of the surface and the porous character of the prevailing sandstone formation render the drainage excellent.