17) the senate conferred upon him the cognomen of Augustus.
Mummius was the first novas homo of plebeian origin who received a distinctive cognomen for military services.
Of equestrian rank, his name Pontius suggests a Samnite origin, and his cognomen in the gospels, pileatus (if derived from the pileus or cap of liberty), descent from a freedman.
His relief of Messana obtained him the cognomen Messalla, which remained in the family for nearly 800 years.
He accepted,or appeared to accept, the cognomen of Nero conferred upon him by the shouts of the populace, whom his comparative youth and the effeminacy of his appearance reminded of their lost favourite.