Henry was an undutiful son, and his reign was one long period of confusion, marked by incidents of the most ignominious kind.
disloyal subject, rather than of a disaffected and undutiful son.
At the same time one also meets with frank avowals of a superstitious fear lest any irregularity in the performance of the obsequial rites should cause the Fathers to haunt their old home and trouble the peace of their undutiful descendant, or even prematurely draw him after them to the Pitri-loka or world of the Fathers, supposed to be located in the southern region.
of France, who suborned against him his undutiful and rebellious eldest son Robert, his negotiation with Flanders and Germany, deserve no more than a mention.
The war lingered on for a space on the continent; but Henry raised the siege of Rouen, which was being attacked by his eldest son and the king of France~ captured most of Richards castles in Poitou, and then received the, submission of his undutiful children.