The interval of secession was perhaps the happiest in his life.
He repudiated the doctrine of secession, and pleaded for compromise and conciliation.
On the 10th of January 1861 an ordinance of secession, which declared Florida to be a " sovereign and independent nation," was adopted by a state convention, and Florida became one of the Confederate States of America.
Newman's secession in 1845 placed Manning in a position of greater responsibility, as one of the High Church leaders, along with Pusey and Keble and Marriott; but it was with Gladstone and James Hope (afterwards Hope-Scott) that he was at this time most closely associated.
For an account of the Virginia convention of 1861, which adopted the Ordinance of Secession, see Virginia.