was one of disaster to the Republican party.
The time had now come (1880) when the Republican party must nominate a candidate for the presidency.
But the "bosses" of the Republican party in three great States - New York, Pennsylvania and Illinois - were determined that he should be renominated.
In July 1871 he was returned to the National Assembly for Marseilles at a by-election, and voted steadily with the Republican party.
to the papacy in 1159 added a powerful ally to the republican party.