Some uncertainty may be felt whether pantheism should rank as a theism.
In the first place, it may be doubted whether to a Greek of the 6th century pantheism was nearer than monotheism.
When the existence of God is denied (atheism), or His nature is declared unknowable (agnosticism), or He is identified with nature itself (pantheism), or He is so distinguished from the world that His free action is excluded from the course of nature (deism), miracle is necessarily denied.
Persian literature after that date, and especially Persian poetry, is full of an ardent natural pantheism, in which a mystic apprehension of the unity and divinity of all things heightens the delight in natural and in human beauty.
That suggests pantheism, the usual form of such esoteric wisdom.