The great body of migrants proceed only a short distance.
Migrants proceeding long distances generally go by preference to one of the great cities of commerce or industry.
Many migrants are forced to settle in shanty towns and squatter settlements.
On the contrary, the effect of the inflow of adult migrants is very marked, as is to be expected, in the returns for the new countries, such as the United States, Canada and Australasia.
The first group, which has been greatly increased by migrants from the second, since the establishment of the privileged Lebanon province (1861) under Christian auspices, lives apart from other peoples in semi-independence.