The essential elements were livery of seisin (delivery of possession), which consisted in formally giving to the feoffee on the land a clod or turf, or a growing twig, as a symbol of the transfer of the land, and words by the feoffor declaratory of his intent to deliver possession to the feoffee with a "limitation" of the estate intended to be transferred.
Livery in law was made not on but in sight of this land, the feoffor saying to the feoffee, "I give you that land; enter and take possession."
Livery in law, in order to pass the estate, had to be perfected by entry by the feoffee during the joint lives of himself and the feoffor.
if a person attempted to give to the feoffee a greater estate than he himself had in the land, he forfeited the estate of which he was seised.
Early in 1417 Selman quit-claimed to Chirch, the only other surviving feoffee.