Turkey and Russia were not slow to take advantage of the calamities of Persia.
The other, a law of peace, work and health, whose only aim is to deliver man from the calamities which beset him.
During1902-1905an outbreak of surra, which caused great mortality among draught animals, further tried the sugar planters and necessitated government help. Notwithstanding all these calamities the Mauritians, especially the Indo-Mauritians, have succeeded in maintaining the position of the colony as an important sugarproducing country.
During his short pontificate the States of the Church suffered dire calamities, famine, epidemic and a fresh outbreak of brigandage.
This era of revival was not, however, without its calamities.