In his endeavours to realize this aim he had to contend with the new spirit of national consciousness animating the Boers, which found expression in the formation of the Afrikander Bond.
The Afrikander cattle, powerful draught animals, large horned, bony and giving little milk, are being crossed with other stock.
The renewal of the policy of British expansion had been answered by the formation of the Afrikander Bond, which represented the racial aspirations of the Dutch-speaking people, and had active branches in the Free State.
Both unions had constitutions almost identical with that of the Afrikander Bond, and their aims were similar - to secure the triumph of Boer ideals in state and society.
While the ideal of the Unie was an Afrikander state, the Constitutionalists desired the perfect equality of both white races.