Unlike the African species, the Indian elephant charges with its trunk curled up, and consequently in silence.
The chief African traders are Hausa immigrants.
Cartagena was founded about the year 243 B.C. by the Carthaginian Hasdrubal, and was called Carthago Nova or New Carthage, to distinguish it from the African city of Carthage.
In this respect the Asiatic species differs very widely from its African relative, whose nutriment is largely composed of boughs and roots.
By Dr Paul Matschie several races of the African elephant have been described, mainly, as already mentioned, on certain differences in the shape of the ear.