The successes of the Sassanids in the east were gained in the later period of their dominion; and the Roman armies, in spite of decay in discipline and military spirit, still remained their tactical and strategical superiors.
So true is it that a tactical failure encountered in carrying out a sound strategical plan matters but little.
Columns (a) and (b), forming the strongest part of the army, and also column (c) soon met with strong resistance (morning 22nd), and the country, the weather (stormy since the 20th) and tactical incidents making progress uneven, the front at nightfall of the 22nd was very sinuous, the Turks holding pronounced salients at Eski Polos, and .also at Almajik, while the Bulgarians had penetrated nearly to Kadikoi in the centre and within 2 m.
Innovations were carried out in the tactical system of the army which were to modify considerably the methods of future battle-fields.
The gate guards were doubled, armed and wearing tactical gear, the perimeter lit by intense floodlights.