It forms the base for all punitive expeditions to the Tochi Valley and Waziri frontier.
In March 1916 he was put in command of the punitive expedition into Mexico against Francisco Villa, and the same year was made major-general.
Edward Jenner Steptoe; but the punitive expedition led by Col.
He lost the two days' battle of Kossovo (October 17th-19th) owing to the treachery of Dan, hospodar of Wallachia, and of his old enemy Brankovic, who imprisoned him for a time in the dungeons of the fortress of Semendria; but he was ransomed by the Magyars, and, after composing his differences with his powerful and jealous enemies in Hungary, led a punitive expedition against the Servian prince, who was compelled to accept most humiliating terms of peace.
On his release he had promised he would maintain the treaty of Arras and withdraw from the Netherlands; but he delayed his departure for nearly a year and took part in a punitive campaign against his captors and their allies.