Brilliant results accrued from all this participation in the general life of Germany.
Popular animosity was kindled by the enforced participation of the Jews in public disputations.
One section of public opinion desired to make Piedmonts co-operation subject to definite promises by the Powers; but the latter refused to bind, themselves, and both Victor Emmanuel and Cavour realized that, even without such promises, participation would give Piedmont a claim.
He suppressed, however, a number of octrois and minor duties,' and opposed, on grounds of economy, the participation of France in the War of American Independence, though without success.
Attempts were made by the German group, assisted by their government, to secure the participation of both Britain and France in the concession.