Hence geodesy may be regarded as a branch of practical astronomy.
This post he retained until 1894, when he migrated to the university of Cracow as extraordinary professor, becoming in 1897 ordinary professor of astronomy and geodesy.
The data products are stored in a central databank and made available online to the space geodesy and geodynamics community.
The publication has chapters that address key issues in geodesy such as geodetic surveying techniques, geodetic systems, physical geodesy and satellite geodesy.
When the fluctuation in the position of the pole was fully confirmed, its importance in astronomy and geodesy led the International Geodetic Association to establish a series of stations round the globe, as nearly as possible on the same parallel of latitude, for the purpose of observing the fluctuation with a greater degree of precision than could be attained by the miscellaneous observations before available.