The national debt was practically nil until c. 1855, and the debt contracted thereafter owes its existence almost wholly to railway construction.
His confession that he had known only twenty happy days in his long reign is perhaps a moral tale, to be classed with the "omnia fui, et nil expedit" of Septimius Severus.
If the political results of the mission were nil, the value to geographical science was immense; for though no geographer himself, Sadlier's route across Arabia made it possible for the first time to locate the principal places in something like their proper relative positions; incidentally, too, it showed the practicability of a considerable body of regular troops crossing the deserts of Nejd even in the months of July and August.
Part, along the Shatt-en-Nil, two great storehouses are indicated.
Of the ruin mounds of Warka (anc. Erech), near the east bank of the Shatt-en-Nil canal.