But until 354 B.C. it had never been more than a gratuity, of which the payment depended on the treasury having a surplus.
A small gratuity is expected by the porter, but he has no legal claim for payment, his maintenance being provided for out of the funds of the institution.
A third, in the absence of opponents, between two councils would simply solicit a special gratuity for his faithful services, well knowing that at that moment people would be too busy to refuse him.
The officers met and demanded from the newly-appointed governors deputy the customary gratuity; when this was refused they sent letters to the Porte declaring that they wished to have Mu~tafg Pasha and not Ali Pasha as governor.