In many cases the action of these organizations has proved, at least temporarily, advantageous to the working classes.
Private institutions and working-class associations have striven to improve the intellectual conditions of the working classes.
Though he believed that the lower classes were not yet ripe for socialism, with the principles of which he (unlike James Mill and Bentham) was in general agreement, his whole life was devoted to the amelioration of the conditions of the working classes.
The introduction of trades-union representatives on the Supreme Labour Council, the organization of local labour councils, and the instructions to factory inspectors to put themselves in communication with the councils of the trades-unions, were valuable concessions to labour, and he further secured the rigorous application of earlier laws devised for the protection of the working-classes.
Translated into the chief modern languages, many thousands of copies were circulated among the working classes in Catholic countries.