The syndics (or mayors) are now elected by a secret ballot of the communal council, though they are still government officials.
The House of Burgesses consists of 160 members, of whom 80 are elected in secret ballot by the direct suffrages of all tax-paying citizens, 40 by the owners of house-property within the city (also by ballot), and the remaining 40, by ballot also, by the so-called "notables," i.e.
(2) The enactment in most of the states of the Australian or secret ballot laws.
In 1839 he was a candidate for the Whig nomination, but by a secret ballot his enemies defeated him in the party convention, held in December of that year, and nominated William Henry, Harrison.
There was as yet no secret ballot to set the voter free.