MacDonald, RS Dr. (1990 ): An open controlled assessment of osteopathic manipulation in non specific low back pain.
There were no significant benefits with osteopathic manipulative treatment, as compared with sham manipulation.
Summary of Background Data: Osteopathic manipulative treatment may be useful for acute or subacute low back pain.
Students studying for a medical degree can earn a Doctor of Medicine, or M.D. from the Latin form of the name, or a D.O. degree, for Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine.