Presbyterianism is comparatively strong in three districts of England, namely Northumberland, Lancashire and London.
There are in England fourteen congregations in connexion with the Church of Scotland, six of them in London and the remainder in Berwick, Northumberland, Carlisle and Lancashire.
In return for this aid the younger Henry granted to William the earldom of Northumberland, a possession which the latter had vainly sought from the English king, and which was possibly the cause of their first estrangement.
Soon after John's accession in 1199 the Scottish king asked for the earldom of Northumberland, which Richard I., like his father, had refused to restore to Scotland.
Northumberland's recantation had done much to discredit the Reformation, Cranmer's, it was hoped, would complete the work.