South of Mosul, at which point navigation is blocked by two ancient dams, erected, apparently, to control the river for the Assyrian city of Calah, the ruins of which are called Nimrud by the natives after these dams, which they conceive to be the work of that mythical hero.
Were it not for these dams steamers might reach Mosul itself, at an elevation of 353 ft.
Below Mosul, for some distance, occur sulphurous and bituminous springs.
Opposite Mosul are the ruins of ancient Nineveh, the last capital of Assyria, and 20 m.
SULEIMANIEH, or Suleimania, the chief town of a sanjak of the same name in Asiatic Turkey, in the vilayet of Mosul, situated on a treeless plain in the Kurdistan Mountains, in the region known as Shehrizor, some 40 or 50 m.