Some experts exclude from this definition cases of temporary survival that end in death within 24 hours, which they prefer to classify as drownings.
The rate of near drowning is much higher, as not all near drownings are reported.
Teen drownings are often associated with boating accidents, alcohol consumption, and illicit drug use.
However, even in younger age groups, except in bathtub drownings, substantially more boys drown than girls.
The circumstances leading to near-drownings and drownings are varied.