The Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Acts 1886, 1887 and 1888, confer on " crofters " special rights.
A Crofters' Commission constituted under the acts has power to fix fair rents, and the crofter on renunciation of his tenancy or removal from his holding is entitled to compensation for permanent improvements.
Sheep-farming on a large scale was next introduced, and the crofters were thrust into villages or barren corners of the land.
Matters, however, were not really mended, and in 1884 a royal commission reported upon the condition of the crofters of the islands and mainland.
As a result of their inquiry the Crofters' Holdings Act was passed in 1886, and in the course of a few years some improvement was evident and has since been sustained.