It was felt to be a political necessity that he should return, and in 1541, somewhat reluctantly, he returned on his own terms. These were the recognition of the Church's spiritual independence, the division of the town into parishes, and the appointment (by the municipal authority) of a consistory or council of elders in each parish for the exercise of discipline.
Their business was to supervise daily life, to warn the disorderly, and to give notice to the consistory of cases requiring discipline.
To form the consistory all the elders with the ministers were to meet every Sunday under the presidency of one of the syndics or magistrates.
Each synagogue is served by a rabbi assisted by an officiating minister, and in each consistory is a grand rabbi.