The heartwood varies in colour from dark brown to pale yellowishbrown; hard, close-grained, and little liable to split accidentally, it is, for a hard wood, easy to work.
In Spain the wood is of some value, being hard and close-grained, and the inner bark is used for tanning.
The wood of the hornbeam is white and close-grained, and polishes ill, is of considerable tenacity and little flexibility, and is extremely tough and hard to work - whence, according to Gerard, the name of the tree.
virginiana, is also known as ironwood from its very hard, tight, close-grained wood.
The timber of the cypress is hard, close-grained, of a fine reddish hue, and very durable.