It is prepared by oxidizing cinnamyl alcohol, or by the action of sodium ethylate on a mixture of benzaldehyde and acetaldehyde.
It is associated with many other alkaloids: cinnamyl cocaine, C19H23N04; a-truxilline (C19H23N04) 2; /3-truxilline, (C19H23N04) 2; benzoylecgonine, C 16 H 19 NO 2 j tropa-cocaine, C15H19N02; hygrine, C 8 H 15 NO; cuscohygrine, C13H24N02.
Cinnamyl cocaine is cinnamylmethylecgonine, i.e.
cocaine in which the benzoyl group is replaced by the cinnamyl group. aand 3-truxillines, named from their isolation from a coca of Truxillo (Peru), are two isomeric alkaloids which hydrolyse to ecgonine, methyl alcohol, and two isomeric acids, the truxillic acids, C18H1604.
fescue pasture grass with improved forage digestibility was produced using an anti-sense gene for the lignin precursor enzyme cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase.