CARTAGENA, or CARTHAGENA, a seaport of south-eastern Spain, in the province of Murcia; in 37° 36' N.
Cartagena is fortified, and possesses an arsenal and naval dockyards.
South, protects Cartagena from the violence of wind and waves.
The industrial and commercial progress of Cartagena was much hindered, during the first half of the 19th century, by the prevalence of epidemic diseases, the abandonment of the arsenal, and rivalry with the neighbouring port of Alicante.
From Cartagena the principal exports are metallic ores, esparto grass, wine, cereals and fruit.