The bishops and archbishops, formerly nominated by the government and canonically confirmed by the pope, are now chosen by the latter.
The king put forward his chaplain, Hugh; the pope supported the archdeacon, John the Scot, who had been canonically elected.
In foro conscientiae spiritual censures canonically imposed are as binding and ecclesiastical jurisdiction is as powerful as ever.
Naturally, when the see of Rouen next fell vacant (1067), the thoughts of the electors turned to Lanfranc. But he declined the honour, and he was nominated to the English primacy as soon as Stigand had been canonically deposed (1070).