ARISTIDE BRIAND (1862-), French statesman, was born at Nantes, of a bourgeois family.
From that time, Briand became one of the leaders of the French Socialist party.
From the beginning of his career in the chamber of deputies, Briand was occupied with the question of the separation of church and state.
He was the principal author of the law of separation, but, not content with preparing it, he wished to apply it as well, especially as the existing Rouvier ministry allowed disturbances to occur during the taking of inventories of church property, a clause of the law for which Briand was not responsible.
His SOn, Georges Charles Paul, born in 1855, was in his father's department from 1879 till 1885, deputy from 1885, five times president of the Budget Commission, minister of finance (1895-1898) and vice-president of the chamber (1898-1902), and again finance minister in the Briand Cabinet, 1909.