Bit and bit challenges synonyms

Category:
Part of speech:
A program that accesses and displays files and other data available on the Internet and other networks. Entering a website's URL in the address window of a browser will bring up that website in the browser's main window.
0
0
The basic unit of storage capacity in a computer system
0
0
A device used for computing and otherwise processing information; specif., an electronic machine which, by means of stored instructions and information, is used to perform rapid, often complex calculations, compile and correlate data, download and play audio and video communications, access the World Wide Web, send and receive e-mail, etc.; now, esp., digital computer
0
0
A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. In 1994, a Norwegian company called Telenor developed a Web browser called Opera that was marketed as being the speediest and most standards compliant of any browser, supporting such standards as 128-bit encryption—strong, unbreakable encryption. The United States government, however, permits for export only a weaker bit encryption version than 128. In fact, before 1998 any cryptographic products exported from the U.S. for general use could not use more than 40-bit symmetric encryption and 512-bit asymmetric encryption and still meet legal requirements. The reason for this restriction was that the 40-bit key size was known to be vulnerable to crack exploits. An event that occurred in 1995 illustrates why stronger encryption is important. On July 14, 1995, Hal Finney, a co-developer of the PGP encryption standard, submitted a challenge to the cryptographic community to try breaking an encrypted web browsing session (using the 40bit SSL protocol). One month later, a French student named Damien Doligez posted the solution to the challenge. He had used an idle network with 120 computers to conduct a brute-force search on the 40-bit SSL key used in “the challenge.” The brute-force search took the student’s network eight days to detect the key. Some time later, another group met the challenge in only 32 hours. The reason for the time difference in meeting the challenge is that computers become faster and cheaper as time goes on, with a rough measure being that computer power increases 10 times every five years. In more recent times, public groups have constructed brute-force computers to meet similar challenges. In 1998, for example, a group backed by the EFF constructed “Deep Crack,” a DES-cracking engine. For a cost of about $210,000, the group constructed a computer able to brute-force crack a 56-bit DES key in three days or fewer. (The possible number of keys in the 56-bit keyspace is 2^56 or about 72,057,590,000,000,000; the possible number of keys in a 40-bit keyspace is 2^40 or about 1,099,511,000,000.) If the DES-cracker engine of EFF were to be applied to a considerably smaller 40-bit key space, it would take only about four seconds to crack the key. Finally, asymmetric cryptography, also known as public-key cryptography, can be subjected to brute-force attack challenges. Likely the most famous of these was the RSA Crypto Challenge that took place in August 1999. The challenge involved the factoring of the pair of prime numbers in a 512-bit RSA key. The challenge was solved in just over five months by using 292 computers connected to the Internet. As a result of this important 1999 challenge, RSA Labs now recommend that at least 768-bit encryption be used for security purposes. Many security experts believe that clandestine government agencies with large budgets have built devices such as “Deep Crack”—a security nightmare for persons wary of the government’s capability to discover their secrets, to say the least. Murray, E. SSL Server Security Survey. [Online, July 31, 2000.] MegaSecurity Website. http://www.megasecurity.org/Info/ssl_servers.html; Opera. Opera 7.52, Everything You Need Online. [Online, 2004.] Opera Website. http://www.opera.com; Valour. 64-Bit Defined. [Online, December 23, 2003.] The Jem Report Website. http://www .thejemreport.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=42.
0
0
A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. In 1994, a Norwegian company called Telenor developed a Web browser called Opera that was marketed as being the speediest and most standards compliant of any browser, supporting such standards as 128-bit encryption—strong, unbreakable encryption. The United States government, however, permits for export only a weaker bit encryption version than 128. In fact, before 1998 any cryptographic products exported from the U.S. for general use could not use more than 40-bit symmetric encryption and 512-bit asymmetric encryption and still meet legal requirements. The reason for this restriction was that the 40-bit key size was known to be vulnerable to crack exploits. An event that occurred in 1995 illustrates why stronger encryption is important. On July 14, 1995, Hal Finney, a co-developer of the PGP encryption standard, submitted a challenge to the cryptographic community to try breaking an encrypted web browsing session (using the 40bit SSL protocol). One month later, a French student named Damien Doligez posted the solution to the challenge. He had used an idle network with 120 computers to conduct a brute-force search on the 40-bit SSL key used in “the challenge.” The brute-force search took the student’s network eight days to detect the key. Some time later, another group met the challenge in only 32 hours. The reason for the time difference in meeting the challenge is that computers become faster and cheaper as time goes on, with a rough measure being that computer power increases 10 times every five years. In more recent times, public groups have constructed brute-force computers to meet similar challenges. In 1998, for example, a group backed by the EFF constructed “Deep Crack,” a DES-cracking engine. For a cost of about $210,000, the group constructed a computer able to brute-force crack a 56-bit DES key in three days or fewer. (The possible number of keys in the 56-bit keyspace is 2^56 or about 72,057,590,000,000,000; the possible number of keys in a 40-bit keyspace is 2^40 or about 1,099,511,000,000.) If the DES-cracker engine of EFF were to be applied to a considerably smaller 40-bit key space, it would take only about four seconds to crack the key. Finally, asymmetric cryptography, also known as public-key cryptography, can be subjected to brute-force attack challenges. Likely the most famous of these was the RSA Crypto Challenge that took place in August 1999. The challenge involved the factoring of the pair of prime numbers in a 512-bit RSA key. The challenge was solved in just over five months by using 292 computers connected to the Internet. As a result of this important 1999 challenge, RSA Labs now recommend that at least 768-bit encryption be used for security purposes. Many security experts believe that clandestine government agencies with large budgets have built devices such as “Deep Crack”—a security nightmare for persons wary of the government’s capability to discover their secrets, to say the least. Murray, E. SSL Server Security Survey. [Online, July 31, 2000.] MegaSecurity Website. http://www.megasecurity.org/Info/ssl_servers.html; Opera. Opera 7.52, Everything You Need Online. [Online, 2004.] Opera Website. http://www.opera.com; Valour. 64-Bit Defined. [Online, December 23, 2003.] The Jem Report Website. http://www .thejemreport.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=42.
0
0
A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. In 1994, a Norwegian company called Telenor developed a Web browser called Opera that was marketed as being the speediest and most standards compliant of any browser, supporting such standards as 128-bit encryption—strong, unbreakable encryption. The United States government, however, permits for export only a weaker bit encryption version than 128. In fact, before 1998 any cryptographic products exported from the U.S. for general use could not use more than 40-bit symmetric encryption and 512-bit asymmetric encryption and still meet legal requirements. The reason for this restriction was that the 40-bit key size was known to be vulnerable to crack exploits. An event that occurred in 1995 illustrates why stronger encryption is important. On July 14, 1995, Hal Finney, a co-developer of the PGP encryption standard, submitted a challenge to the cryptographic community to try breaking an encrypted web browsing session (using the 40bit SSL protocol). One month later, a French student named Damien Doligez posted the solution to the challenge. He had used an idle network with 120 computers to conduct a brute-force search on the 40-bit SSL key used in “the challenge.” The brute-force search took the student’s network eight days to detect the key. Some time later, another group met the challenge in only 32 hours. The reason for the time difference in meeting the challenge is that computers become faster and cheaper as time goes on, with a rough measure being that computer power increases 10 times every five years. In more recent times, public groups have constructed brute-force computers to meet similar challenges. In 1998, for example, a group backed by the EFF constructed “Deep Crack,” a DES-cracking engine. For a cost of about $210,000, the group constructed a computer able to brute-force crack a 56-bit DES key in three days or fewer. (The possible number of keys in the 56-bit keyspace is 2^56 or about 72,057,590,000,000,000; the possible number of keys in a 40-bit keyspace is 2^40 or about 1,099,511,000,000.) If the DES-cracker engine of EFF were to be applied to a considerably smaller 40-bit key space, it would take only about four seconds to crack the key. Finally, asymmetric cryptography, also known as public-key cryptography, can be subjected to brute-force attack challenges. Likely the most famous of these was the RSA Crypto Challenge that took place in August 1999. The challenge involved the factoring of the pair of prime numbers in a 512-bit RSA key. The challenge was solved in just over five months by using 292 computers connected to the Internet. As a result of this important 1999 challenge, RSA Labs now recommend that at least 768-bit encryption be used for security purposes. Many security experts believe that clandestine government agencies with large budgets have built devices such as “Deep Crack”—a security nightmare for persons wary of the government’s capability to discover their secrets, to say the least. Murray, E. SSL Server Security Survey. [Online, July 31, 2000.] MegaSecurity Website. http://www.megasecurity.org/Info/ssl_servers.html; Opera. Opera 7.52, Everything You Need Online. [Online, 2004.] Opera Website. http://www.opera.com; Valour. 64-Bit Defined. [Online, December 23, 2003.] The Jem Report Website. http://www .thejemreport.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=42.
0
0
The specific internet consisting of a global network of computers that communicate using Internet Protocol (IP) and that use Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to identify the best paths to route those communications.
0
0
Something that provides access to or understanding of something else:
0
0
A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. A bit is simply a numeric quantity having two values: 0 and 1. In many contexts, each additional bit suggests “twice as much.” Presently, we tend to live in a 32-bit world. We use a 32-bit computer processor with a 32-bit operating system. And for most users, this is just fine. But if extra power is needed for graphics or for a scientific computer, a 64-bit CPU (that is, central processing unit, or central processor, where most of the calculations take place) can handle double the information each clock cycle as what a 32-bit CPU can handle. The latter point means that the CPU is able to analyze more information simultaneously without becoming overloaded. In 1994, a Norwegian company called Telenor developed a Web browser called Opera that was marketed as being the speediest and most standards compliant of any browser, supporting such standards as 128-bit encryption—strong, unbreakable encryption. The United States government, however, permits for export only a weaker bit encryption version than 128. In fact, before 1998 any cryptographic products exported from the U.S. for general use could not use more than 40-bit symmetric encryption and 512-bit asymmetric encryption and still meet legal requirements. The reason for this restriction was that the 40-bit key size was known to be vulnerable to crack exploits. An event that occurred in 1995 illustrates why stronger encryption is important. On July 14, 1995, Hal Finney, a co-developer of the PGP encryption standard, submitted a challenge to the cryptographic community to try breaking an encrypted web browsing session (using the 40bit SSL protocol). One month later, a French student named Damien Doligez posted the solution to the challenge. He had used an idle network with 120 computers to conduct a brute-force search on the 40-bit SSL key used in “the challenge.” The brute-force search took the student’s network eight days to detect the key. Some time later, another group met the challenge in only 32 hours. The reason for the time difference in meeting the challenge is that computers become faster and cheaper as time goes on, with a rough measure being that computer power increases 10 times every five years. In more recent times, public groups have constructed brute-force computers to meet similar challenges. In 1998, for example, a group backed by the EFF constructed “Deep Crack,” a DES-cracking engine. For a cost of about $210,000, the group constructed a computer able to brute-force crack a 56-bit DES key in three days or fewer. (The possible number of keys in the 56-bit keyspace is 2^56 or about 72,057,590,000,000,000; the possible number of keys in a 40-bit keyspace is 2^40 or about 1,099,511,000,000.) If the DES-cracker engine of EFF were to be applied to a considerably smaller 40-bit key space, it would take only about four seconds to crack the key. Finally, asymmetric cryptography, also known as public-key cryptography, can be subjected to brute-force attack challenges. Likely the most famous of these was the RSA Crypto Challenge that took place in August 1999. The challenge involved the factoring of the pair of prime numbers in a 512-bit RSA key. The challenge was solved in just over five months by using 292 computers connected to the Internet. As a result of this important 1999 challenge, RSA Labs now recommend that at least 768-bit encryption be used for security purposes. Many security experts believe that clandestine government agencies with large budgets have built devices such as “Deep Crack”—a security nightmare for persons wary of the government’s capability to discover their secrets, to say the least. Murray, E. SSL Server Security Survey. [Online, July 31, 2000.] MegaSecurity Website. http://www.megasecurity.org/Info/ssl_servers.html; Opera. Opera 7.52, Everything You Need Online. [Online, 2004.] Opera Website. http://www.opera.com; Valour. 64-Bit Defined. [Online, December 23, 2003.] The Jem Report Website. http://www .thejemreport.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=42.
0
0
Find another word for bit and bit challenges. In this page you can discover 9 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for bit and bit challenges, like: browser, byte, computer, data encryption standard (des), electronic frontier foundation (eff), encryption or encipher, internet, key and secure sockets layer (ssl) .