In 1415 it was recovered by the Turks under Mahommed I., and since that period has belonged to the Ottoman empire.
But in 1570 the island was taken by the Turks; and Antonio Davila, the father of the historian, had to leave it, despoiled of all he possessed.
Ancyra was the centre of the Tectosages, one of the three Gaulish tribes which settled in Galatia in the 3rd century B.C., and became the capital of the Roman province of Galatia when it was formally constituted in 25 B.C. During the Byzantine period, throughout which it occupied a position of great importance, it was captured by Persians and Arabs; then it fell into the hands of the Seljuk Turks, was held for eighteen years by the Latin Crusaders, and finally passed to the Ottoman Turks in 1360.
In 1375 the Turks captured Naissus for the first time from the Servians.
Even at the end of August Sobieski had but 3000 men at his disposal to oppose to 60,000 Turks.