Among the first monopolies which were granted in 1882 was one for the manufacture of spirituous liquor.
Its important source lies in its formation by the "spirituous" or "alcoholic fermentation" of saccharine juices.
Revenue is raised by taxes on imports and exports, on licences for the sale of land and spirituous liquors, and for wood-cutting, by harbour and other dues, and a hut tax on natives.
Pure methyl alcohol is a colourless mobile liquid, boiling at 66°-67°, and having a specific gravity of 0 8142 at o° C. It has a burning taste, and generally a spirituous odour, but when absolutely pure it is said to be odourless.
He practised and pertinaciously advocated total abstinence from spirituous liquors, but did not regard prohibitory laws as always wise.