D., Antiquities of Kertch and Researches in the Cimmerian Bosphorus (London, 1857); CyrusThomas, "Burial Mounds of the Northern Sections of the United States," Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, 1887); Kondakoff, Tolstoi and Reinach, Antiquites de la Russie meridionale (Paris, 1891).
Among the works of benevolence with which his name is associated are the establishment of a hospital for galley slaves at Marseilles.
He made various charitable bequests by his will, and among them a gift of $50,000 to found an institution, opened as the "Astor House" in 1854, for the education of poor children and the relief of the aged and the destitute in his native village in Germany.
Among the public buildings are the town hall, classic in style; the market house, and literary and scientific institution, with a museum containing a fossil collection from the limestone of the locality.
The founder of the priory was Walter de Gaunt, about 1114, and the institution flourished until 1537, when the last prior was executed for taking part in the Pilgrimage of Grace.