The patriarch of Constantinople dares not excommunicate Russia, but the chief of its many grievances against that country is its patronage of the Bulgarian exarchate.
He then proceeded to excommunicate a number of his minor lay enemies.
At last, in 1105, he resolved himself to excommunicate Henry.
Huxley's agnosticism was a natural consequence of the intellectual and philosophical conditions of the 'sixties, when clerical intolerance was trying to excommunicate scientific discovery because it appeared to clash with the book of Genesis.
The exilarch could excommunicate, and no doubt had considerable jurisdiction over the Jews.